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Salminus franciscanus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Characiformes
Family: Characidae
Genus: Salminus
Species: Salminus franciscanus

Salminus franciscanus is a species in the Salminus genus that is closest in relation and DNA to Salminus brasiliensis than the other species in the genus.

Description Edit

This species is distinguished from all its congeners, except S. brasiliensis, by the following characters: presence of a second dentary tooth in the outer tooth series that is considerably larger than the remaining teeth (vs. second dentary teeth only slightly larger than remaining teeth in S. affinis and S. hilarii); it differs from S. affinis by the absence of the dark post-orbital stripe (vs. present); differs from S. brasiliensis in having 68-82 (modally 77) lateral line scales (vs. 79-102, modally 96), 11-14 (modally 12) horizontal scales between dorsal-fin origin and lateral line (vs. 14-18, modally 16), and 6-8 (modally 6) horizontal scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin insertion (vs. 6-9, modally 8).